Sustainability and Functionality of Rural Water Supply, A Case Study of Bhutiya Khola Drinking Water Supply System, Salyantra, Nepal
Abstract- Being finite natural resource, water has high value as both economic as well as social good and basic for the survival of living beings. The availability of fresh (drinkable water) water on the earth surface is limited, also enhancement in development activities has pressurized water resource resulting water scarcity. On the other hand, the case of rural water supply system in Nepal is in poor condition in terms of sustainability and functionality for long term services. This paper tries to explain the different aspects of rural water supply system’s sustainability and functionality in relation with water tariff and its importance. A case study in Bhutiya Khola Drinking Water Supply System (BKDWSS), Salyantra, Nepal has been carried out.
Water tariff has been basic source for operation and maintenance (O&M), mobilization fund of BKDWSS from the date of establishment 2047 B.S. Water tariff of NRs. 200 per public tap per month to NRs. 50 per household (HH) per month has been charged in BKDWSS with its service population of 5436 at 1136 HHs. 41.23% of the respondent believes that sustainability of water supply depends on Institutional Sustainability whereas 39.27% believes on Economic Sustainability out of four major parameters of sustainability as Economic Sustainability, Institutional Sustainability, Natural Resource and Physical Infrastructure Sustainability.
Keywords— Rural Water Supply System, Sustainability, Functionality, Water Tariff, Village Maintenance Worker (VMW)